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气-液横向流动下悬臂柱体结构涡激振动机理研究

严浩 代胡亮 王琳 倪樵

严浩,代胡亮,王琳,倪樵. 气-液横向流动下悬臂柱体结构涡激振动机理研究 [J]. 应用数学和力学,2022,43(5):577-585 doi: 10.21656/1000-0887.430065
引用本文: 严浩,代胡亮,王琳,倪樵. 气-液横向流动下悬臂柱体结构涡激振动机理研究 [J]. 应用数学和力学,2022,43(5):577-585 doi: 10.21656/1000-0887.430065
YAN Hao, DAI Huliang, WANG Lin, NI Qiao. A Study on the Vortex-Induced Vibration Mechanism of Cantilever Cylinders Under Gas-Liquid Cross Flows[J]. Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, 2022, 43(5): 577-585. doi: 10.21656/1000-0887.430065
Citation: YAN Hao, DAI Huliang, WANG Lin, NI Qiao. A Study on the Vortex-Induced Vibration Mechanism of Cantilever Cylinders Under Gas-Liquid Cross Flows[J]. Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, 2022, 43(5): 577-585. doi: 10.21656/1000-0887.430065

气-液横向流动下悬臂柱体结构涡激振动机理研究

doi: 10.21656/1000-0887.430065
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(12102139;12072119;11972167)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    严浩(1991—),男,博士(E-mail:yanhaohust@126.com

    代胡亮(1986—),男,副教授,博士(通讯作者. E-mail:daihulianglx@hust.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: O322

A Study on the Vortex-Induced Vibration Mechanism of Cantilever Cylinders Under Gas-Liquid Cross Flows

  • 摘要:

    针对潜艇侦查望远镜举升水面时产生的涡激振动现象,该文建立了悬臂柱体结构受气-液两种不同横向流作用下的涡激振动理论模型。研究了两种流体不同的分布比和密度比对柱体结构涡激振动行为的影响规律。基于Galerkin法和Runge-Kutta法,得到了柱体结构涡激振动响应的数值结果。研究表明,柱体结构的涡激振动锁频区随着流体分布比的增大而增大,自由端最大幅值随着流体分布比的增大先增大后减小。当分布比为0.5附近时,振幅出现极大值,该极大值随着流体密度比的减小呈现明显的增大趋势。此外,柱体的动力学行为随着流体分布比的变化呈现出周期和多周期等振动模式。该研究可为潜艇侦查望远镜结构的设计与分析提供理论指导意义。

  • 图  1  气-液横流作用下的悬臂圆柱体涡激振动模型示意图

    Figure  1.  The vortex-induced vibration model for a cantilever cylinder under gas-liquid cross flow

    图  2  不同模态截断数N下的圆柱体自由端振幅:(a)仅有水作用的情况, ${U_{{\rm{r}}1}} = 5$;(b) 空气和水共同作用的情况, ${U_{{\rm{r}}1}} = {U_{{\rm{r}}2}} = 5$

    注 为了解释图中的颜色,读者可以参考本文的电子网页版本,后同。

    Figure  2.  Amplitudes at the cylinder’s free end for different Galerkin truncation number N values: (a) only water case, ${U_{{\rm{r}}1}} = 5$; (b) air-water case, ${U_{{\rm{r}}1}} = {U_{{\rm{r}}2}} = 5$

    图  3  圆柱体自由端振幅随折合流速${U_{{\rm{r}}1}}$${U_{{\rm{r}}2}}$变化的云图

    Figure  3.  The contour of amplitudes at the free end of the cylinder, as a function of reduced velocities ${U_{{\rm{r}}1}}$ and ${U_{{\rm{r}}2}}$

    图  4  不同分布比时,圆柱体自由端振幅随外流折合速度的变化曲线

    Figure  4.  The relationship between the amplitude at the free end of the cylinder and the reduced velocities of external fluids with different fluid distribution ratios

    图  5  ${U_{{\rm{r}}1}} = {U_{{\rm{r}}2}} = 5$ 时,不同密度比作用下圆柱体自由端振幅随流体分布比的变化曲线

    Figure  5.  The relationship between the amplitude at the free end of the cylinder and the fluid distribution ratios with different fluid density ratios, ${U_{{\rm{r}}1}} = {U_{{\rm{r}}2}} = 5$

    图  6  ${U_{{\rm{r}}1}} = {U_{{\rm{r}}2}} = 5$ 时,不同黏弹性参数作用下圆柱体自由端振幅随流体分布比的变化曲线

    Figure  6.  The relationship between the amplitude at the free end of the cylinder and the fluid distribution ratios with different viscoelastic coefficients, ${U_{{\rm{r}}1}} = {U_{{\rm{r}}2}} = 5$

    图  7  ${U_{{\rm{r}}1}} = {U_{{\rm{r}}2}} = 5$ 时,不同流体分布比作用下的相图

    Figure  7.  The phase portrait with different fluid distribution ratios, ${U_{{\rm{r}}1}} = {U_{{\rm{r}}2}} = 5$

    图  8  ${U_{{\rm{r}}1}} = {U_{{\rm{r}}2}} = 5$ 时,不同流体分布比作用下的功率谱密度图

    Figure  8.  The power-spectrum-density diagrams with different fluid distribution ratios, ${U_{{\rm{r}}1}} = {U_{{\rm{r}}2}} = 5$

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-03-02
  • 修回日期:  2022-03-29
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-04-12
  • 刊出日期:  2022-05-15

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