Volume 43 Issue 5
May  2022
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WANG Qi, ZHU Yinxin, NIU Peixing, LIU Shaobao. Simulation of Aerodynamic Performances of Flexible Flapping Wing Airfoils[J]. Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, 2022, 43(5): 586-596. doi: 10.21656/1000-0887.430155
Citation: WANG Qi, ZHU Yinxin, NIU Peixing, LIU Shaobao. Simulation of Aerodynamic Performances of Flexible Flapping Wing Airfoils[J]. Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, 2022, 43(5): 586-596. doi: 10.21656/1000-0887.430155

Simulation of Aerodynamic Performances of Flexible Flapping Wing Airfoils

doi: 10.21656/1000-0887.430155
  • Received Date: 2022-05-05
  • Rev Recd Date: 2022-05-16
  • Available Online: 2022-05-26
  • Publish Date: 2022-05-15
  • Compared with fixed wings, the flapping wing has a significant aerodynamic performance advantage at low speeds and low Reynolds numbers, which draws more and more attentions. But most previous studies focus on rigid flapping airfoils, the aerodynamic performances of flexible flapping airfoils are still unclear. A fluid-solid coupling model for the flexible elliptical airfoils was developed to analyze the flow field around the airfoil, the airfoil deformation and the aerodynamic characteristics of airfoils, at different wind speeds and attack angles. Compared with the rigid airfoil, the flexible airfoil can delay the shedding time of the wake vortex and reduce the oscillation frequency of the disturbance on the lift force. The flexible airfoil significantly suppresses the disturbance of the wake flow and reduces the oscillation amplitude of disturbance. Even, the airfoil disturbance oscillation can be completely eliminated at an appropriate Young’s modulus of the airfoil. These results provide a theoretical guidance for the design of soft aircraft.

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