JIAN Yong-jun, E Xue-quan, ZHANG Jie. Damping of Vertically Excited Surface Wave in a Weakly Viscous Fluid[J]. Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, 2006, 27(3): 372-378.
Citation: JIAN Yong-jun, E Xue-quan, ZHANG Jie. Damping of Vertically Excited Surface Wave in a Weakly Viscous Fluid[J]. Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, 2006, 27(3): 372-378.

Damping of Vertically Excited Surface Wave in a Weakly Viscous Fluid

  • Received Date: 2004-06-09
  • Rev Recd Date: 2005-10-16
  • Publish Date: 2006-03-15
  • In a vertically oscillating circular cylindrical container,singular perturbation theory of two-time scale expansions was developed in weakly viscous fluids to investigate the motion of single free surface standing wave by linearizing the Navier-Stokes equation.The fluid field was divided into an outer potential flow region and an inner boundary layer region.The solutions of both two regions were obtained and a linear amplitude equation incorporating damping term and external excitation was derived.The condition to appear stable surface wave was obtained and the critical curve was determined.In addition,an analytical expression of damping coefficient was determined.Finally,the dispersion relation,which has been derived from the inviscid fluid approximation,is modified by adding linear damping.It is found that the modified results are more reasonably close to experimental results.Result shows that when forcing frequency is low,the viscosity of the fluid is prominent for the mode selection.However,when forcing frequency is high,the surface tension of the fluid is prominent.
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