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预混燃烧边界层回火的数理模型及研究进展

李文栋 张文普

李文栋,张文普. 预混燃烧边界层回火的数理模型及研究进展 [J]. 应用数学和力学,2023,44(1):36-51 doi: 10.21656/1000-0887.430012
引用本文: 李文栋,张文普. 预混燃烧边界层回火的数理模型及研究进展 [J]. 应用数学和力学,2023,44(1):36-51 doi: 10.21656/1000-0887.430012
LI Wendong, ZHANG Wenpu. The Mathematical Model and Research Progress of the Boundary Layer Flashback in Premixed Combustion[J]. Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, 2023, 44(1): 36-51. doi: 10.21656/1000-0887.430012
Citation: LI Wendong, ZHANG Wenpu. The Mathematical Model and Research Progress of the Boundary Layer Flashback in Premixed Combustion[J]. Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, 2023, 44(1): 36-51. doi: 10.21656/1000-0887.430012

预混燃烧边界层回火的数理模型及研究进展

doi: 10.21656/1000-0887.430012
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(12072321)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    李文栋(1997—),男,硕士 (E-mail:liwd@zju.edu.cn

    张文普(1971—),男,副教授,博士 (通讯作者. E-mail:wpzhang@zju.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TK16

The Mathematical Model and Research Progress of the Boundary Layer Flashback in Premixed Combustion

  • 摘要:

    回火是影响燃气轮机等动力设备正常运行的关键性问题,边界层回火作为引发回火的主要机理之一,对燃气轮机燃烧室等燃烧装置的设计与运行有着重要影响。自1945年Lewis等提出关于边界层回火的临界梯度模型以来,针对边界层回火,相继发展了Peclet数模型、Damköhler数模型和火焰角度理论等理论模型,但上述理论模型各有不足之处,直到目前,边界层回火的理论模型仍处于持续的发展与完善之中。该文回顾了边界层回火的提出及研究历史,以理论模型建立时间的先后为序,阐释了各理论模型的建立背景、针对性和不足之处,并综述了近年来边界层回火理论模型的发展现状和研究进展,特别是应用数值模拟和统计分析等新方法开展边界层回火研究所取得的进展,进而提出了当前及未来燃烧边界层回火的理论研究方向和突破点。

  • 图  1  CGM示意图

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of the critical gradient model

    图  2  计算域示意图

    Figure  2.  Schematic diagram of the computational domain

    图  3  非受限空间的边界层回火

    Figure  3.  The unconfined boundary layer flashback

    图  4  非受限空间火焰的局部分析

    Figure  4.  Local analysis of the unconfined flame

    图  5  非受限空间火焰的整体分析

    Figure  5.  Global analysis of the unconfined flame

    图  6  依据DC模型和FAT模型获得的Damköhler数[25]

    Figure  6.  Damköhler numbers obtained from the DC and the FAT[25]

    图  7  预测回火发生时的流速与实验数据对比[26]

    Figure  7.  Predicted velocities at flashback compared to experimental data[26]

    图  8  管道燃烧器示意图[27]

    Figure  8.  Schematic diagram of the tube burner[27]

    图  9  槽道燃烧器示意图[27](单位:mm)

    Figure  9.  Schematic diagram of the channel burner[27] (unit: mm)

    图  10  不同燃烧器的边界层回火极限[27]

    Figure  10.  Boundary layer flashback limits for different burners[27]

    图  11  粗糙结构示意图[53]

    Figure  11.  Schematic diagram of the roughness configuration[53]

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  • 收稿日期:  2022-01-17
  • 修回日期:  2022-06-15
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-01-06
  • 刊出日期:  2023-01-15

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